ECP3302 - Environmental Economics

Evaluating Information

The CRAAP Test

  • Currency - How current is the information, or, is it current enough?
  • Relevance - Is the information related to the topic and at the appropriate level for your research?
  • Authority - Who wrote/provided the information? Is an author named? What are the qualifications of the author/organization.
  • Accuracy - Is the information supported by the evidence? Has it been reviewed? Can you verify the information?
  • Purpose - Why was the information published?

Erickson, D. (2010). Evaluating Information – Applying the CRAAP Test. Meriam Library, California State University, Chico. <>



noun \ˈplā-jə-ˌri-zəm also -jē-ə-\

: the act of using another person's words or ideas without giving credit to that person : the act of plagiarizing something"

"Plagiarism." Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 13 May 2014. <>.


RefWorks is a web-based bibliographic management program that allows you to create your own personal database of references. You can automatically import references from a search performed in an online database, catalog,  or enter references manually.

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